Today in History

Taipei--Today is Monday, Feb. 20, 2017 or the 24th day of the 1st month of the Year of the Rooster according to the Chinese calendar.

The following is a list of important events that occurred on this date in the past:

1437: James I, King of Scotland, is assassinated by a group of nobles seeking to place a rival on the throne. He was 42.

1694: Voltaire, French philosopher, writer and moralist who waged a lifelong campaign against intolerance and injustice, is born.

1707: Aurangzeb, the sixth and perhaps last of the great Mogul emperors of India, dies at the age of 88. He seized the throne at Agra from his father, Shah Jahan, 49 years earlier, killing two of his brothers and jailing a third to secure his succession.

1811: Austria declares itself bankrupt.

1904: Alexei Kosygin, Soviet prime minister from 1964 to 1980, is born.

1915: The Panama-Pacific Exhibition, in celebration of the opening of the Panama Canal between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, opens in San Francisco.

1916: The Battle of Verdun begins after Chief of the German General Staff Falkenhayn chooses to attack the French city of Verdun, despite his belief that France will defend it to the last man.

1919: Afghan head ofstate Habibullah Khan is assassinated. He was succeeded by one of his sons, Amanullah Khan.

1922: Hong Kong police fire on striking workers, killing two and severely injuring seven.

1933: The U.S. House of Representatives passes an act to abolish the law prohibiting the consumption of alcohol in the United States.

1938: British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden resigns in protest against Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement of Italy's Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini and German's Nazi dictator Adolf Hitler.

1942: Portugal protests to Japan after Japanese troops invade Portuguese Timor.

1946: The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of China declares the Yalta Secret Agreement not binding in the case of China.

1952: A meeting on the Treaty of Peace between the Republic of China and Japan is held in Taipei.

1960: The third plenary session of the first ROC National Assembly opens in Taipei.

1962: Astronaut John Glenn circles the Earth three times in less than five hours, becoming the first American to orbit the planet.

1966: Chester William Nimitz, admiral of the U.S. Pacific Fleet during World War II, who halted Japanese expansion and ultimately destroyed the Japanese fleet with a strategy based largely on the use of aircraft carriers, dies at the age of 81.

1967: President Sukarno surrenders all executive power to General Suharto, keeping only the title of president of Indonesia.

1971: Major General Idi Amin Dada heads the new government of Uganda as president after the Uganda Army overthrows Apollo Milton Obote.

1972: Radio telephone service between Taipei and Madrid is inaugurated.

1974: A six-member South Korean Parliamentary Mission led by Oh Joon Suk arrives in Taipei for a week-long visit.

1976: International Monetary Fund experts and representatives of the ROC Ministry of Finance begin their annual meeting with ROC Vice Minister Wang Shao-yu and the IMF Asia Department's consultant Andreas Abadjis as co-chairs.

1979: Mount Sinira erupts in Indonesia, claiming 175 lives.

1988: Torrential rain and flooding in Rio de Janeiro leaves 500 dead and 10,000 homeless.

1997: Washington refuses to recognize the World Trade Organization's authority in its dispute with the European Union over trade with Cuba.

2006: The World Health Organization says 13 countries have reported H5N1 virus for the first time.

2007: U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney arrives in Tokyo for a visit of Japan.

2009: U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton arrives in Beijing for a visit.

2011: Chinese police disperse the 'Chinese Jasmine Revolution,' which is organized by netizens inspired by the anti-government movement in north Africa.

2014: Dozens of Euromaidan anti-government protesters died in in Ukraine's capital Kiev, many reportedly killed by snipers.

Confucius' lesson of the day: "A man who does not hold an office in government should not try to do the job of the officeholder."

Source: Focus Taiwan News Channel